Residential property prices in the UK have fallen for the second month in a row, the first time since February that they have declined for two consecutive months, the latest Nationwide index shows.
Prices fell by 0.9% in August. This follows a 0.5% drop in July. The index also shows that the three month on three-month rate of change, generally a smoother indicator of price trends fell from 1.2% in July to 0% in August, suggesting that property prices have essentially stagnated over the summer months.
‘Unless house prices bounce back strongly in September, the three month rate of change will turn negative next month,’ said Martin Gahbauer, Nationwide’s chief economist.
The annual rate of inflation, which compares the current average price with the price level twelve months ago, remained in positive territory at 3.9%. However, it is down quite sharply from rates of 6.6% in July and 8.7% in June.
‘Recent market trends remain consistent with an unwinding of the supply and demand imbalance that drove up prices for much of the last year. As more sellers have returned to the market, buyers have a greater selection of properties to choose from and more bargaining power with which to bid down asking prices,’ said Gahbauer.
He pointed out, however, that there is little evidence of distressed selling, with the Council of Mortgage Lenders’ second quarter figures showing another drop in mortgage arrears and possessions. ‘As such, the current period of price declines is likely to remain relatively modest. Given that the price increases of the last year had gotten ahead of the recovery in the wider economy, the current correction is not an unhealthy development,’ he explained.
The report also says that over the last two years there have been significant changes to the characteristics of the mortgage stock, particularly with regard to the proportion of lending on fixed rate mortgages. Between the final quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2010, the proportion of mortgage balances on fixed rates fell from 48% to 36%, as fewer borrowers coming to the end of a fixed rate deal chose to remortgage onto a new fixed rate.
‘This is primarily because of the availability of attractive standard variable rates. Borrowers on variable rates have experienced a very large cash flow benefit from the reduction in the Bank of England base rate in late 2008 and early 2009,’ said Gahbauer.
The average rate paid on variable rate mortgage balances across the market was only 2.8% in June, compared to5.9% in September 2008 and 5.3% for fixed rate balances, according to the Bank of England.
‘The additional cash flow from lower mortgage rates has been instrumental in keeping arrears and possessions relatively low during the recession, helping house prices to stage the rebound seen between early 2009 and the middle of 2010,’ Gahbauer explained.
‘However, while the increasing proportion of variable rate mortgage balances has allowed more borrowers to benefit from the low level of the Bank of England base rate, it also means that more households are exposed to potential future increases in interest rates. Should the proportion of variable rate mortgage balances remain high, the impact of base rate increases on monthly repayments, and therefore house prices, may be larger than in the past,’ he said.
‘At the moment, however, interest rates appear likely to remain at their current level until well into 2011. Any increases thereafter are likely to be relatively gradual, leaving variable rate borrowers with some time to switch to fixed rates if they desire greater certainty over their monthly repayments,’ he added.