First thing to keep in mind is that Pune has great options to live but as an outsider its best to stay in an areas which has a more cosmopolitan mix of non Pune people than to go to conventional residential areas.
Pune is spread like a spider web. Mostly where you rent will depend a lot on where your workplace is.
Most of Pune commmutes by two wheelers so distances of 10 kms are considered normal.
However for someone new its best to keep tje distance between work and home under the 5 km radius. Like all other cities there are certain areas where commercial spaces, offices are concentrated North PuneClose to Airport and Railway station)